When it comes to dementia, there are risk factors you can change, and risk factors you cannot.

Information provided by the Alzheimer Society of Canada states that:

  • Risk factors are aspects of your lifestyle, environment and genetic background that increase the likelihood of getting a disease.
  • Risk factors on their own are not causes of a disease. Rather, risk factors represent an increased chance, but not a certainty, that dementia will develop.
  • Similarly, having little or no exposure to risk factors does not necessarily protect a person from developing dementia.

There are some risk factors that can be changed, and some that cannot – read on to know which are which! 

Some risk factors are modifiable, meaning that they can be changed. It has been estimated that around 40% of dementia cases may be the result of modifiable risk factors.

As a natural health and wellness company, we focused on risk factors that could be mitigated with the use of natural health products to reduce the risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) which often leads to dementia. This includes improving cognitive function, improving gut health and improving sleep quality and duration.

Specific ingredients including vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and herbs have been extensively studied and scientifically validated to improve brain health, gut health and sleep health. The brain requires a constant supply of micronutrients for neuroplasticity. A poor diet that can lead to chronic low grade inflammation, a leaky gut and bad sleeping habits or poor sleep are all modifiable factors that can increase the risk of dementia. Therefore, we formulated our proprietary MEND series products based on scientific literature and principles where these 3 core products BrainMEND®, GutMEND® and SleepMEND® could work in unison to provide the greatest benefit in improving cognitive health, overall wellness and quality of life.

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Curious to know what risk factors for dementia that you cannot control?


Dementia is not a normal part of aging. However, age is the strongest known risk factor for dementia. The older you become, the higher the risk:

  • One in 20 Canadians over age 65 has Alzheimer’s disease.
  • After 65, the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease doubles approximately every five years, with one in four Canadians over 85 having Alzheimer’s disease.

While rare, dementia can affect people under 65. This is known as young-onset dementia.



Women have a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease than men. While the reasons for this are still unclear, some of the potential contributors include women living longer on average than men and changes in estrogen levels over a woman’s lifetime.

For types of dementia other than Alzheimer’s, men and women have the same risk.



We don’t yet fully understand the role of genes in the development of dementia. We do know that most cases of Alzheimer’s disease are sporadic, meaning they do not run in families. Only rare instances of Alzheimer’s disease are inherited or familial, accounting for two to five percent of all cases.

Scientists have found over 20 genes that may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Three of these genes directly cause Alzheimer’s disease: PSEN1, PSEN2, and APP.

If a person has an alteration in any of these genes they will almost certainly develop familial Alzheimer’s disease, often well before the age of 65. If a parent has any of these faulty genes, their children have a 50% chance of inheriting the disease.

The other genes associated with Alzheimer’s disease increase the risk, but don’t guarantee that Alzheimer’s disease will develop.